So far, California is the only jurisdiction with an official lichen (lace lichen, chosen in 2015). NPS/C. Antibiotic compounds are extracted from some species to create antibiotic cream. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina mitis (Sandst.) The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris . Until recently, Cladonia rangiferina ("reindeer moss" or "reindeer lichen") was placed in the genus Cladina. Although known as a moss, it is in fact a fruticose lichen … Like other types of lichen, reindeer moss is a good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the surrounding air. 22. Nyl. Carpets of Cladina can cover huge areas. Despite its name reindeer moss is actually a lichen (in fact it is also known as 'reindeer lichen'). Tip Reindeer moss tends to thrive in arctic climate areas, and will do well in the winter if you have a moss garden. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. Food. On first observing the terrain, the founder of the herd said “"Looking across Rothiemurchus Forest to the Cairngorms from the railway bridge at Aviemore on a cold morning in April 1947, I was instantly reminded of reindeer pastures in Lapland… species of ground, rock and tree lichens, which are elsewhere the chief food of reindeer, were plentiful and of little use to other animals.” They provide winter food for caribou (reindeer). C. perforatais the most unique member of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity. Furthermore, Native Americans in regions near the Great Lakes were known to practice the peculiar tradition of bathing new-born babies in a decoction of reindeer lichen. Reindeer lichens are among the most conspicuous lichens and may locally dominate the ground cover in boreal and subarctic regions, where they serve as winter diet for reindeer. Page 4-888 FLORIDA PERFORATE CLADONIA Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida. Reindeer moss, or Cladonia rangiferina, is a fruticose lichen that is a staple food of reindeer and caribou. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. This acid can cause severe stomach cramps if consumed in any quantity. Cladonia. The result was a concoction known as "stomach ice cream". Nyl. Botanical Name: Cladina species. References. Key to Reindeer Lichens and Similar Species in Newfoundland and Labrador. Reindeer Moss Facts. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen. Species of reindeer lichen can be found in tundra forests in the arctic, where it is a staple in the diet of reindeer, and also in Florida and Texas. When water is scarce , the plant dries out and becomes dormant. They resemble tiny white, grey or greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches. In Scandinavia it has been used in the… Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. Up to eight species of reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub. Interpreting Wetland Status. Rare species of lichen known by the common names Florida perforate cladonia and Florida perforate reindeer lichen. Ascomycota. In the laboratory, C. rangiferina dried "rapidly" after soaking when compared to associated moss-layer bryophytes from the New Jersey pine barrens [ 91 ], and the drying rate of reindeer lichen samples was 1.7 times that of the wetting rate [ 92 ]. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. When dry it can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like. Reindeer lichen is a good source of carbohydrates, which are extracted by special enzymes in the reindeers’ digestive system, but a poor source of protein. Species; Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) Species Detail - Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. A symbiotic species of algae and fungi. It is important to remove as much of the acid as possible before eating. Its branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures. (This is yet another "moss" that is really a lichen.) Sphaerophorus ("tree coral") can be found on the bark of many evergreens. Umbilicaria esculenta is a black foliose lichen that grows on rocks. They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Similar species: C. rangiferina (Reindeer lichen) is the similar but ashy white in color. Priority Species List (1998), version 1 Priority Species List (2007), version 1 Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1 Red Data Book of British Lichens (Church et al., 1996), version 1 Species … Cladoniaceae. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina), fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. Vecchio Photo. 3) Reindeer can live for up to 15 years in the wild, although domesticated reindeer (reindeer that are cared for by humans), can live for as long as 20 years. Cladonia species are of economic importance to reindeer-herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia. Sphaerophorus globosus lichen. Genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae. - A reindeer’s favourite food is Lichen. Newfoundland. ... Lichen Gallery of Leif & Anita Stridvall - Cladonia protentosa; Irish lichens (photos and descriptions) - Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; Vernacular names . Luckily, the Cairngorm National Park has loads of good clean air, so the lichen grows well for the reindeer to munch on! With advances in DNA testing, it has been reclassified as a Cladonia. Individual species require expert identification. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. It has also been used as a food among native tribes, and to make tea. Reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak tree. You can sometimes find three or four Cladina species in a single clump. Related Links. Species: Cladonia portentosa Subspecies: C. p. subsp. Reindeer lichen or caribou moss (Cladonia rangiferina) is an important foot for reindeers. In fact, males’ antlers can grow up to a whopping 1.4 metres in length and have as many 44 points, called ‘tines‘. Reindeer lichens (Cladina species), too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group. Over the winter, reindeer rely on reindeer lichen and a few other lichen species for roughly 90% of their food, with an adult reindeer having to eat 4-8kg of this food a day. It is spongy and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if stepped on. During the winter months, reindeer feed largely on lichen, so rather than leaving the reindeer carrots this Christmas, maybe you could search for some lichen to leave out for them. The average adult reindeer eats 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation each day. Cladonia is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. This lichen produces erect and branched thalli (named podetia) that are several centimetres high. Reindeer Lichen species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Real Reindeer Lichen And Other Lichen Species. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. O MPHALINA 15. Ahti T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1. Wikipedia. Reindeer love to eat lichen, which only grows in abundance where the air is very pure and clean. Source and Description Reindeer lichen is a slow growing plant that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year. This plant has no children Legal Status. The light green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations. беларуская: Кладзіна аленевая čeština: Dutohlávka sobí Deutsch: Rentierflechte English: Gray reindeer lichen, Grey-green reindeer lichen suomi: Poronjäkälä Nordfriisk: Rendiartmöösk norsk: Reinlav polski: Chrobotek reniferowy русский: Ягель, Олений мох, Кладония оленья svenska: Renlav "As the common names suggest, reindeer lichen is an important food for reindeer (caribou), and has economic importance as a result. Appearance: It is usually pale green to pale grey in colour, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge. Some Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs. This is done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can be added bicarbonate of soda. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. Reindeer moss is a slow-growing lichen species that can take up to 30 years to regrow if the top layer is damaged. Common Name : Reindeer Lichen , Reindeer moss, Caribou moss, Reindeer moss lichen – The lichen is one of the primary food sources for reindeer (Rangifer tarandus); their North American counterparts are called caribou. Due to destruction by overgrazing, burning or being trampled on it is leaving us with the consequence that it may take decades for this plant to return to those areas. Other Names: Reindeer Moss, Reindeer Lichen. The species name comes from the reindeer and caribou genus ‘rangifer’. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. Reindeer lichen is used as a general term to refer to any of several species that are consumed by the reindeer of Eurasia and the caribou of North America. Knowing very little about lichens, I'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa. Hustich – reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. - Reindeer are perfectly adapted for the cold, in fact, they prefer it. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. Composed of many light and dainty branches, it grows in cushion-like tufts. During winter in the Arctic, reindeer eat lichens and plants they find beneath the snow. It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. Together with other closely related species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer in Europe. We chose this species because it is a common representative of the shrub-like reindeer lichens, which are of ecological significance in the ground layer of subalpine–alpine, boreal and subarctic habitats of the Northern Hemisphere. Reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen are known by the common name Reindeer lichen. But erratic winter weather can make it hard for them to get to their food. They are extremely slow growing, producing only one new branch a year. Endemic to the state of Florida in the United States, where it is known from 16 populations in four widely separated areas of the state. Wetland Status. Fungi. Reindeer Moss like most lichens, is 94% carbohydrate and 6% acid. Wildlife. 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