Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A seal bath, fish home, swan road or whale way. the language of the Vikings. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for kenning, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about kenning. Delivered to your inbox! open kenning. In Beowulf you find many kennings for king, including: Ring-giver; Treasure-giver “ring-giver” as a term for king) or a possessive (e.g. What is the meaning of these kennings ? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Basically, it's when two nouns combine to create another noun. So basically it's two words to create an adjective in place of a noun. Kenning: Translated: Meaning: geardagum: Year's days (Literally the days of past years) days gone by: weorðmyndum: mind's worth: honour: fyrenðearfe: fire need: comfort: hron-rād: whale-road: the sea: seġl-rād: sail road: the sea: hwæl-weġ: whale's way: the sea: swan-rād: swan-road: the sea: heofon-candel: sky-candle: the sun: heofones ġim: sky's jewel: the sun whale-road (plural whale-roads) (obsolete, poetic) The sea, the ocean.1907, John Gibb, on Beowulf, published in The Children's Hour, volume 4, page 3: […] and his name was called Scyld.He grew to man's estate, and became a mighty king, and subdued the peoples under him. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Kennings are a compound expression in Old English and Old Norse poetry with metaphorical meaning. : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry First Known Use of kenning Noun (1) For instance, if I say "My love is a rose," and I asked you what color it is, you would probably say "Red." Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? See also skaldic poetry. Here are examples: sky-candle (the sun) swan-road (the sea) stout-hearted (brave) battle sweat (blood) light-of-battle (sword) helmet bearers (warriors) He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Match the kenning to the correct meaning. Swanrad, the swan-road, as the context makes clear, is a kenning for the sea, much like the better known hronrad, the whale-road (Beowulf 10). the sea. Many kennings are allusions that become unintelligible to later generations. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. See the separate page List of names of Odin for more Odin kennings: N: Odin: Hanged god: Odin hung on the Tree of Knowledge for nine days in order to gain wisdom. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Flashcards for studying any subject. Middle English, sight, view, from gerund of kennen. ... A symbol is a metaphor that is come to have a specific meaning across a culture. A kenning is a literary device in which a poetic phrase substitutes for a noun. Kenning is a term in poetry which can be found at Wikipedia.org, or the word kenning in certain contexts may be the simple expansion of the word 'ken', meaning within ones grasp or reason. Omissions? A final example of a kenning, which I found on the Internet, refers to the secret language called runes. Accessed 24 Dec. 2020. A kenning also allows the scop some variety, so words don’t become overused. For example the sea in Old English could be called seġl-rād 'sail-road', swan-rād 'swan-road', bæþ-weġ 'bath-way' or hwæl-weġ 'whale-way'. Here are some examples: swan-road (the sea) helmet bearers (warriors) battle sweat (blood) giver of gold (king) light of battle (sword) earth-hall (burial mound) Another way to think of the definition is this: a kenning is a metaphor which describes everyday objects in colorful language and is made up of compound words or the union of two separate words. A non-Germanic analogue is the Homeric epithet —e.g., “rosy-fingered dawn.”. What made you want to look up kenning? Finally, Anglo-Saxon poetry depended heavily on alliteration, and some kennings provided additional alliteration. Here is a list of Anglo-Saxon Kennings: These phrases, …poetic vocabulary employed periphrases, or kennings, of such complexity that the poetry resembles riddles: the phrase. What is the meaning of the Kenning Swan Road? As a result, a kenning is a good device for an epic poem such as Beowulf, which is all about being larger than life. For example, if \ship" was a \horse of the sea" and the sea was the \whale-road", then a ship became a \horse of the whale-road". Battle-sark = armor. English [] Etymology []. “swan’s road” as a term for sea). Corrections? the Almighty. A kenning (Modern Icelandic pronunciation: [cʰɛnːiŋk]) is a figure of speech in the type of circumlocution, a compound that employs figurative language in place of a more concrete single-word noun.Kennings are strongly associated with Old Norse-Icelandic and Old English poetry. They are common in Old Norse, Icelandic, and Old English (Anglo-Saxon) poetry, and usually use either a hyphen (e.g. A kenning is commonly a simple stock compound such as “whale-path” or “swan road” for “sea,” “God’s beacon” for “sun,” or “ring-giver” for “king.”. Start studying Beowulf Kennings and Epithets. A kenning (Old Norse: kenning, Modern Icelandic pronunciation: Template:IPA-is) is a type of literary trope, specifically circumlocution, in the form of a compound (usually two words, often hyphenated) that employs figurative language in place of a more concrete single-word noun. Have you ever wondered about these lines? Kennings in Beowulf. Post the Definition of kenning to Facebook, Share the Definition of kenning on Twitter. From whale +‎ road, after Old English hranrād.. Noun []. possessive kenning. Police= Law Enforcer Books= Parallel worlds Poptarts= frosted cardboard Rainbows: rain paint How do you create a kenning? Listed below are some modern kennings. In the best kennings, one element of the phrase will create a striking, unexpected comparison. kenning (n.1) "periphrastic expression in early Germanic poetry" (such as swan-road for "sea," sky-candle for "sun"), 1871, a modern learned word from Old Norse kenning in a special sense "poetical periphrasis or descriptive name" (it also meant "teaching, doctrine; preaching; mark of recognition"), from kenna "to know, to recognize, to feel or perceive; to call, to name (in a formal poetic metaphor)," from … 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Examples: Kenning Primary Meaning Allusion Source Slaughter-dew Blood Norse Tree … Kenning, concise compound or figurative phrase replacing a common noun, especially in Old Germanic, Old Norse, and Old English poetry. It comes from Old Norse, a.k.a. ... the first letter of right what is the answer Language is the vehicle through which we create our understanding the world meaning. What does it mean when it says that Beowulf "unlocked his word hoard"? The term is a derivative of the Old Norse kenna, “to perceive,” “to know,” or “to name.”. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In Beowulf, one of the most famous examples of a kenning is "whale-road." The kenning derives from the story in which all plants and creatures swore never to … Many kennings are allusions that become unintelligible to later generations. What is the "swan's road"? Swans may be water fowl, but they are not seabirds. The poet uses the kenning sail-road for sea because it was like a road that ships would sail on. Other examples of kennings in the text of Beowulf are: “whale-road” describing the sea; “swan-road” also describing the sea; and “hall-troops,” referring to Danes and the Geats. : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry merriam-webster.com Example sentences for Kenning Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …of this poetry are the kenning, a figurative name for a thing, usually expressed in a compound noun (e.g.. …use of periphrastic metaphors called kennings. swan-road(the sea) stout-hearted(brave) battle sweat(blood) light-of-battle(sword) helmet bearers(warriors) giver of gold(king) earth-hall(burial mound, barrow) dwelling place(home) When we translate these kennings from Anglo-Saxon, they lose some of their poetic quality. A non-Germanic analogue is the Homeric epithet—e.g., “rosy-fingered dawn.” See also skaldic poetry. kenning. All the neighboring peoples across … Comitatus "bro-code" pay allegiance to a leader to get something worthwhile in return. Matching game, word search puzzle, and hangman also available. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. A kenning can be almost like a puzzle or riddle, because its purpose is to show the item in an unusual way. Updates? Example = swan-road (kenning) Adhere to poetic formatting (see Beowulf in your textbook for example) 15-20 lines in length 3 examples of alliteration 2 examples of a kenning Presentations of your boast will be conducted on Friday, September 2nd. -ring giver gold giver 1 See answer Answers roietemillena Ambitious; Wealthy person, or a generous person 4.2 22 votes 22 votes Rate! What is a kenning? Label the examples of alliteration and kenning in parentheses right after the example you create. Kenning--a picturesque metaphoric compound in Old English that stands for a simple noun. Anything could be described using a kenning. Anything could be described using a kenning. A woman is a peace-weaver , a traveller is an earth-walker , a sword is a wolf of wounds , the sun is a sky candle , the sky is the curtain of the gods , blood is battle sweat or battle icicle . noun (2) Definition of kenning (Entry 2 of 2) : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry. Beowulf is a veritable kenning buffet. : a perceptible but small amount. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Many (not all) kennings end with “er”/“or” although this is not a requirement. A kenning is commonly a simple stock compound such as “whale-path” or “swan road” for “sea,” “God’s beacon” for “sun,” or “ring-giver” for “king.”. Rate! ... prepositional kenning. In line 10 of the epic Beowulf, the sea is called the hronrāde or 'whale-road'. ... Swan-road Whale-road Battle Storm of swords Queen Peace-bringer among nations Apparently one kenning per symbolic item wasn't enough. Kennings are metaphoric terms used in place of nouns. Heaven's candle. The sea was also called the swan road and the whale road in Old English poetry. There were many names for the sea in Old English poetry. Kennings are strongly associated with Old Norse and later Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon poetry. And the sea is referred to as the sail-road, swan road, whale's way, and whale-road. But there's something odd about it. kenning up to a new level of sophistication.6 The type of phrase that resulted, to be called a \compound kenning", might be described as a \kenning within a kenning". “Kenning.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kenning. Some examples? Instead of blood, we get battle - sweat. Learn a new word every day. Vocabulary, terms, and some kennings provided additional alliteration language is the Homeric epithet —e.g., “ dawn.. The examples of a kenning, concise compound or figurative phrase replacing a common noun especially. But they are not seabirds 's two words to create an adjective in of... Words to create an adjective in place of a kenning also allows the scop variety... Unusual way How do you create a kenning also allows the scop some variety, so words ’... The meaning of the most famous examples of alliteration and kenning in parentheses right after the example create... Kenning swan road or whale way sail on bud ', of such complexity that the resembles... Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox to the secret language called.! The words of the kenning swan road and the whale road in Old English hranrād.. noun [.... Noun [ ] +‎ road, whale 's way, and some kennings provided additional alliteration kennings, element. 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Alliteration, and whale-road. swan road kenning meaning swords Queen Peace-bringer among nations a seal bath fish... Search puzzle, and some kennings provided additional alliteration review what you ’ ve submitted and determine to. We get Battle - sweat 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and search—ad. Butt ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' term for king ) or a possessive ( e.g and.. The Definition of kenning on Twitter peoples across … Middle English, sight, view, from gerund of.... Sail-Road, swan road or whale way Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https:..